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生育罢工:韩国再创世界最低生育率

来源:中国日报网 编辑:sophie   可可英语APP下载 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

South Korea records world's lowest fertility rate again

生育罢工:韩国再创世界最低生育率

South Korea has again recorded the world's lowest fertility rate with the number sinking to a new low.

韩国出生人口再创新低,又一次创下世界最低生育率纪录。

The rate in the country first dropped lower than one child per woman in 2018.

2018年韩国生育率首次降到平均每名女性生育孩子数量不到一个的水平。

But on Wednesday, figures released by the government showed the figure had dropped to 0.81 - down from 0.84 the previous year, and a sixth consecutive decline.

然而8月24日韩国政府发布的数据表明,这一数据已经从一年前的0.84降到了0.81,连续第六年下降。

In comparison, the average rate across the world's most advanced economies is 1.6 children.

相比之下,世界最发达经济体的平均生育率为每名女性生育1.6个孩子。

Countries need at least two children per couple - a 2.1 rate - to keep their population at the same size, without migration.

一个国家中每对夫妇需要生育至少2个孩子(2.1的生育率)才能在没有移民的情况下维持原有的人口规模。

Fertility rates have "declined markedly" in the past six decades says the OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

经济合作与发展组织称,过去60年来生育率已“显著下降”。

But the trend has been particularly pronounced in South Korea, where family sizes have reduced in the span of a few generations. At the start of the 1970s women had four children on average.

但是这一趋势在韩国尤为明显,韩国的家庭规模在过去几代不断缩小。上世纪70年代初,平均每名韩国女性生育4个小孩。

A declining population can put a country under immense strain. Apart from increased pressure on public spending as demand for healthcare systems and pensions rise, a declining youth population also leads to labour shortages that impact the economy.

人口减少会让一个国家承受重压。随着人们对医疗系统和养老金的需求增大,公共支出面临的压力与日俱增,除此之外,青年人口减少还会导致劳动力短缺,从而对经济产生影响。

In 2020 there was widespread alarm in South Korea when it recorded more deaths than births for the first time.

2020年韩国登记的死亡人数首次超过出生人数,引发普遍的恐慌情绪。

In recent years, economic pressures and career factors have been key considerations for people deciding on children, experts say.

专家指出,近年来经济压力和事业方面的考虑一直是人们决定是否要小孩的关键因素。

For the 2021 figures, experts cited higher living costs, a spike in house prices and the impact of the Covid pandemic as factors discouraging them from having children.

专家称,从2021年的数据来看,生活成本上涨、房价飙升和疫情影响都是阻碍人们生育的因素。

A crisis is brewing. If South Korea's population continues to shrink, there won't be enough people to grow its economy, look after its aging population, and conscript into its army.

一场危机正在酝酿当中。如果韩国人口继续缩水,将不会有足够的人口来发展经济、照顾老龄化人口和征兵入伍。

Politicians have known for years this is coming but have been unable to fix it. They have thrown billions of dollars at trying to convince people to have children and are still scratching their heads as to why this hasn't worked.

多年以前,韩国政界人士就意识到这场危机即将来临,但是却一直无能为力。他们投入了数十亿美元试图鼓励人们去生孩子,但是却没有奏效,他们也感到很费解。

Money of course is a factor. Raising children in South Korea is expensive, and many young people are sinking under astronomical housing costs. But this is also about opportunity.

缺钱肯定是影响生育的因素之一。在韩国养孩子很烧钱,许多年轻人都因高昂的房价而压力山大。但是人们选择不生育也和工作机遇有关。

Women in South Korea are highly educated, yet far from equal in the workplace. The country has the highest gender pay gap of any rich country. Most of the housework and childcare in South Korea still falls to women and it is common for women to stop work after having children or for their careers to stagnate.

韩国女性普遍受过高等教育,但是在职场上的地位却远远不能和男性相提并论。韩国的性别收入差距在富国中是最大的。在韩国,家务和育儿重担都落在女性肩上,女性在生完孩子后不再工作或事业陷入停滞的情况很常见。

Essentially, many women here are still forced to choose between having a career and having a family. Increasingly they are deciding they don't want to sacrifice their careers.

基本上,许多韩国女性仍被迫在事业和家庭之间做选择。越来越多女性决定不牺牲自己的事业。

As one woman put it to me: "we are on a baby-making strike".

就像一位韩国女性说的那样:“我们正在生育罢工。”

英文来源:BBC

翻译&编辑:丹妮

本文转载自中国日报网,如有侵权,请联系我们删除。

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n. 移民,移往,移动

 
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